IP Based Access Control Systems

Introduction to IP Based Access Control Systems:

Actually, IP based access control framework includes an electronic access controller that is particularly designed for controlling the entry and exit to and from a confined area and also to identifying the users precisely. A controller of this kind is fit for supporting multiple (up to 4) basic access control readers. These readers are otherwise called as non-intelligent readers as they are only capable of reading the card number or PIN of an individual and sending it to the main server via Ethernet. In most cases Wiegand protocol is utilized for transmitting such information.

‍Figure 1: IP Based Access Control System

‍Figure 1: IP Based Access Control System

Difference between IP Based and Traditional Access Control System:

As far as building engineering and working technique, these two access control frameworks show prominent qualification between them. A portion of these distinctions include:

  1. Unlike conventional access controllers, IP controllers are specifically associated with the LAN/WAN association and therefore, they can monitor input and output data fundamental for controlling enter and exit alongside checking door inputs and locks.
  2. Conventional access controlling framework is incapable of working legitimately without the presence of a terminal server though an IP based access control framework has its own onboard network interface that aids autonomous functioning.

Types of IP Access:

IP Access control system can implement more than one type of IP access. They are:

  • Embedded IP access: This sort of IP access can operate on a single site and the door count is usually low. Embedded IP access stores the important data regarding credentials and PIN numbers on the control panel which is straightforwardly connected with the browser. Embedded IP access based control systems are used in myriads of business sectors because of it is relatively inexpensive and fairly easy to install and operate.
  • Server based IP access: The server based IP access is capable of handling multiple websites simultaneously and the door count is much higher than the embedded IP access. Sever based IP stores all the necessary data on the server that consists of multiple control panels.
  • Hosted IP access: Hosted IP access system is the most sophisticated system that can operate thousand of websites. Hosted IP consists of a highly secured data center with redundant backups and audited information security. In this case the browser links to the web application containing several control panels.

Applications of IP Based Access Control System: 

These days, this particular access control system has several applications in corporate sectors and security industry. Some of them are:

  • Biometric access control system: Biometric access control is nowadays indispensable for the identification of employees in an office as well as the applicants of a competitive exam. In this system, normally fingerprint is used for identification in high security areas. In corporate sectors, biometric is used to keep track of the employees’ attendance and calculation of payroll whereas in case of applications, biometric is used to prevent malfeasances like forgery or identity theft.
    Figure 2: Biometric Access Control System

    Figure 2: Biometric Access Control System

  • Proximity access control system: The proximity access control system is nowadays widely used in banks and corporate areas to ensure the safety of the surrounding environment. There are over 50 kinds of proximity access control systems available in the market that can be operated quite easily by implementing an IP based access controller.
  • Door access control system: IP based access door closing and opening system is an extremely efficient as well as affordable security system. In this system, the door comes with an electromagnetic lock that can be controlled by an IP based server for allowing the entrance and exit of certain individuals. Because of the simplicity of this system, the installation of door access control is also easier and relatively inexpensive. Nowadays, magnetic door locks with uninterrupted power supply is also used in airports, homes, offices, and data centers.

Conclusion:

In this competitive world, security is a basic substance to be properly taken care of and with the implementation of new technologies the security industry is also upgrading. Under the circumstances, IP based access control system has turned out to be fundamental for both discretionary and mandatory access control systems with its efficacy and various useful features.

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